Every year, Farmer John's N (1 <= N <= 20,000) cows attend "MooFest",a social gathering of cows from around the world. MooFest involves a variety of events including haybale stacking, fence jumping, pin the tail on the farmer, and of course, mooing. When the cows all stand in line for a particular event, they moo so loudly that the roar is practically deafening. After participating in this event year after year, some of the cows have in fact lost a bit of their hearing.
Each cow i has an associated "hearing" threshold v(i) (in the range 1..20,000). If a cow moos to cow i, she must use a volume of at least v(i) times the distance between the two cows in order to be heard by cow i. If two cows i and j wish to converse, they must speak at a volume level equal to the distance between them times max(v(i),v(j)).
Suppose each of the N cows is standing in a straight line (each cow at some unique x coordinate in the range 1..20,000), and every pair of cows is carrying on a conversation using the smallest possible volume.
Compute the sum of all the volumes produced by all N(N-1)/2 pairs of mooing cows.